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Repeated and/or severe (a) aggressive behavior (b) among Minors,1 (c) that is intended or likely to hurt, control or diminish another person emotionally, physically, or sexually.


Hitting, pushing, punching, beating, biting, striking, kicking, choking, spitting, or slapping; throwing objects such as sporting equipment at another person.

Teasing, ridiculing, taunting, name-calling, intimidating, or threatening to cause someone harm.

Social, including Cyberbullying
Using rumors or false statements about someone to diminish that person’s reputation; using electronic communications, social media, or other technology to harass, frighten, intimidate, or humiliate someone; socially excluding someone and asking others to do the same.

Teasing, ridiculing, or taunting based on gender, sexual orientation (real or implied), gender traits or behavior, or sexual identification (e.g., taunting someone for being too effeminate), or teasing someone about their looks or behavior as it relates to sexual attractiveness.

Rude, mean, and conflict—distinguished
Conduct may not rise to the level of Bullying Behavior if it is rude (inadvertently saying or doing something hurtful), mean (purposefully saying or doing something hurtful, but not as part of a pattern of behavior), or arising from conflict or struggle between persons, absent a Power Imbalance, who perceive they have incompatible goals.

The Facts

Been Bullied

  • 28% of U.S. students in grades 6–12 experienced bullying.
  • 20% of U.S. students in grades 9–12 experienced bullying.

Bullied Others

  • Approximately 30% of young people admit to bullying others in surveys.

Seen Bullying

  • 70.6% of young people say they have seen bullying in their schools.
  • 70.4% of school staff have seen bullying. 62% witnessed bullying two or more times in the last month, and 41% witness bullying once a week or more.
  • When bystanders intervene, bullying stops within 10 seconds 57% of the time.

Been Cyberbullied

  • 6% of students in grades 6–12 experienced cyberbullying.
  • 16% of high school students (grades 9–12) were electronically bullied in the past year.
  • However, 55.2% of LGBT students experienced cyberbullying.

Click here for more statistics from the American Society for the Positive Care of Children.